Ravenousotto Warburg Albert Einstein Otto Meyerhof Usa Germany model death Ravenousotto Warburg Albert Einstein Otto Meyerhof Usa Germany

How Did a Gay Scientist of Jewish Descent Thrive Under the Nazis?

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RAVENOUSOtto Warburg, the Nazis, and the Search for the Cancer-Diet ConnectionBy Sam Apple At the start of the 20th century, the German Empire was the undisputed hub of the scientific universe.

From 1901, when the Nobel Prizes were established, through 1932, Germans won almost a third of all the Nobels awarded to scientists — 31 in total. (American scientists, in contrast, won five during the same time period.) This impressive track record was fueled, in part, by Jewish researchers who just decades earlier would have been excluded from prominent academic positions.

When the Nazis seized power in March 1933, it was not unusual for major scientific institutes to be led by Nobel laureates with Jewish roots: Albert Einstein and Otto Meyerhof,.

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