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North Dakota Rejects Changes to HIV Law, Missouri Considers Them

The Forum, while an infraction carries a fine of $1,000 and no jail time. Exposure to other sexually transmitted infections is classified as an infraction.The newspaper says the law involves “knowingly transmitting HIV,” but the bill’s title refers to “willfully transferring body fluid containing the human immunodeficiency virus,” and the transfer of such a fluid doesn’t always result in transmission.

HIV-negative people who faithfully stick to a pre-exposure prophylaxis regimen, the daily dosage of an HIV prevention drug, have virtually no chance of becoming infected with the virus if they are exposed during sex.

And HIV-positive people who have suppressed their level of virus to the point that it’s undetectable in lab tests can’t transmit.

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